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The Amis, also known as the Pangcah, are an Indigenous Austronesian ethnic group in Taiwan. They speak the Amis language, an Austronesian language, and are one of the sixteen officially recognized Taiwanese Indigenous peoples. The traditional territory of the Amis includes the long, narrow valley between the Central Mountains and the Coastal Mountains (Huatung Valley), the Pacific coastal plain eastern to the Coastal Mountains and the Hengchun Peninsula.
The Paiwan are an Indigenous people of Taiwan. They speak the Paiwan language. The name “Paiwan” may have originated from a myth. According to the myth, Paiwan ancestors lived in a location on Dawu mountain (Tawushan) that was called “Paiwan”, where heaven is said to exist. The majority of Paiwan people live in the southern chain of the Central Mountain Range, from Damumu Mountain and the upper Wuluo River in the north of the southern chain to the Hengchun Peninsula in the south of it, and also in the hills and coastal plains of southeastern Taiwan.
The Saisiat (Saisiyat) are an Indigenous people of Taiwan. The Saisiat inhabit Western Taiwan, overlapping the border between Hsinchu County and Miaoli County. They are divided into the Northern Branch (Wufong in the mountainous Hsinchu area) and the Southern Branch (Nanzhuang and Shitan in the highlands of Miaoli), each with its own dialect. Their language is also known as Saisiat.
Songs of Pasta’ay
The Yami (Tao) are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the tiny outlying Orchid Island of Taiwan. The Tao people have been more commonly recorded under the exonym “Yami people” by official documents and academic literature, following Japanese anthropologist Torii Ryuzo’s coining of the name in 1897. However, as a collective, these Orchid Island inhabitants typically prefer “Tao people” as their group identifier. Recently, they have successfully petitioned the Council of Indigenous Peoples of the Taiwanese government to use the name “Tao” in place of “Yami”.
Voices of Orchid Island